Scientists have found bacteria that haven’t evolved for 2 Billion years. They’re not surprised..life doesn’t change unless environment and habitats change…
I feel the same applies to many things around me. My habitat for the last few years has been comfortable, and i’ve adopted to it..hence willingness to change is proving to be a thought opposed by my mind…
- Is there a mathematical nature to reality OR is maths just in our head?
- Why do fibonacci nos. occur so often in Botany and Nature?
- Why does Pi show up in places like probability where there are no circles?
The best explanation for this is : The reason Mathematics seems to describe reality so well, is coz it’s all there is. For instance a simulated world of a computer game is just Maths, it’s the same with the design of the real world.
32 Constants and a handful of equations describe the entire universe and all there is.
So this means that there are no inventions in Maths, only discoveries
A more subtle Q is : Is Mathematics a truth of nature, or just the way we humans perceive nature?
Math models of Systems like weather, stock mkt and weather aren’t very effective…so this raises the Q : Is maths really all there is and then only reason these models are only reasonable effective due to the complexity of the system , OR there is something other than Maths at play here?
On Maths being invention or discovery, one way to look at is that we invented the nos. (meaning we saw 1 nose and 2 hands and then abstracted the no. 1 and 2) but then we Discovered the Relationship between nos. So it’s both inventions and discoveries
The way complex cells came to be is by simple cells joining forces and becoming one. That is what happens in organizations too, where people of different expertise join towards the creation of 1 complex entity, the company.
Have We Found Alien Life? | Popular Science.
For most living, air-breathing creatures, Nealson says, “The glucose that we eat supplies the electrons, the oxygen we breathe receives the electrons, and that electron flow is what runs our bodies.” That’s basic metabolism. The challenge for every organism is finding both sources of electrons and places to discard them in order to complete the circuit. Shewanella consumes electrons from carbohydrates, but it sheds them in an unusual way: “It swims up to the metal oxide and respires it.” Nealson says. “We call this ‘breathing rocks.’ ” Here is where the scientific heresies begin.
Shewanella’s outer membrane is full of tiny chemical wires, enabled by specialized proteins, that let it move electricity out of the cell. The wires make direct contact with the manganese oxide, which is how it can deposit electrons and “breathe” a solid substance. Furthermore, Nealson realized that the bacterium doesn’t even care whether the substance on the outside of its membrane is manganese oxide or something else entirely, so long as it will complete the electric circuit.
i’m continually impressed and enlightened by the Quality of Questions and Answers that i come across on “askscience”